Mathématiques en mouvement, une formule gagnante pour les enfants

Note de l’éditeur : Cet article est une re-publication de 2016, mais est toujours d’actualité.

Au lieu de faire apprendre des tables de multiplication ou des règles d’orthographe par cœur, comme au bon vieux temps, des chercheurs hollandais ont découvert que le fait d’introduire de l’activité physique en classe bénéficiait grandement aux apprentissages en mathématiques et en orthographe, selon un article de la CBC (en anglais). D’après cette étude, faire des mouvements aussi élémentaires que courir ou sauter sur place lors de tâches répétitives aiderait les élèves à obtenir de meilleurs résultats scolaires que leurs comparses dans les classes traditionnelles.

Une école intermédiaire de Brampton, en Ontario, a intégré un programme qui combine 40 à 80 minutes d’exercices à l’enseignement en mathématique et en sciences. Au lieu de garder les élèves assis pour leur enseigner le programme scolaire, les enseignants de 6e utilisent le sport et l’exercice pour les motiver. Et comme l’a si bien dit l’un des élèves, « Pouvoir bouger sans arrêt pendant que j’apprends, c’est comme un rêve qui se réalise. »

On pourrait croire que mettre cette méthode en pratique dans toutes les écoles serait d’une simplicité enfantine, mais il existe toutefois un obstacle de taille, qui risque fort d’empêcher votre enfant de réciter ses tables de multiplication en faisant le kangourou. Les chercheurs ont en effet découvert que les enseignants qui n’étaient eux-mêmes pas à l’aise physiquement étaient beaucoup plus réticents à donner des cours qui bougent.

Il faudra sans doute attendre encore un peu avant que le lien entre les mathématiques et l’activité physique se fasse de façon naturelle, mais les parents peuvent toujours prendre une longueur d’avance. Pourquoi ne pas profiter de la période des devoirs pour bouger? Sauter d’une division à l’autre s’avère peut-être la solution pour que votre enfant améliore ses notes à l’école. Et lorsque l’enseignant vous en parlera au prochain bulletin, saisissez l’occasion pour lui faire part de votre nouvelle méthode.

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