A toddler runs through the grass, as his mother sits behind him, watching. The sun is shining and there are trees behind them.

Physical literacy checklists

Experts in child development, education, and sport agree that kids need to develop physical literacy to lead physically active lives. Regular physical activity is connected to better health, positive self-image, better school grades, and improved social well-being in general.

How can you help your infant, toddler, preschool, or school-aged child to develop physical literacy? It starts by helping them to develop their fundamental movement skills (FMS). While FMS do not represent the totality of physical literacy, they are an essential part of its early foundation, as physical literacy is almost entirely about movement.

Here are four checklists to help you target the basic movement skills that your child should be developing at different ages, including suggestions on how to get moving.

As you review these checklists, keep in mind that if your child does not display some of these skills, it doesn’t mean it’s too late. You may simply need to help them to start exploring activities and settings where they can develop these skills.

Check out our physical literacy checklists for ages:

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