Is your little one heading to kindergarten in the fall? There is so much to be excited about, including school supplies, first day of school outfits, and making new friends. In anticipation of this milestone, you’ve probably been helping them to recognize letters and numbers, reading with them, and encouraging them to become more independent.
Here’s something else to think about (don’t worry, it’s fun). Physical literacy plays an important role in your child’s first year of school. And, in Ontario, it will now be part of the curriculum:
The future health and well-being of young children are directly related to the development of physical and health “literacy”. Children who are “physically literate” are able to move with competence in a wide variety of physical activities. Children who are “health literate” have the skills needed to acquire, understand, and use information that will help them make good decisions about their health. The design of the Full-Day Early Learning–Kindergarten program provides a foundation for children’s development of both physical and health literacy. —Ontario Kindergarten Curriculum, 2015, pg. 128
But even if you don’t live in Ontario, your child will likely be expected to engage in different forms of physical activity at school. Parents can support them with activities at home in the same way you likely already incorporate daily reading into your family’s schedule. In addition to helping them practice writing their names and counting to 10, you can help them start (or, ideally, continue) learning to move.
Four expectations for Kindergarten students:
1. Demonstrate an awareness of health and safety practices for themselves and others and a basic awareness of their own well-being
2. Participate willingly in a variety of activities that require the use of both large and small muscle groups
3. Develop control of large muscles (gross-motor control) in a variety of contexts
4. Develop control of small muscles (fine-motor control) in a variety of contexts
Download the entire Ontario Kindergarten Curriculum document
The big idea or main focus in kindergarten is to guide children to make healthy choices and develop physical skills. There are many easy ways you can help your child, while at home this summer, to become more aware of their physical activity.
1. Help them to understand the effects of healthy, active living on the mind and body
This is simply done by asking your child how they feel or what they notice about their bodies after a walk or running around in the yard. My children have made observations like, “My heart is beating really fast, Mom!” or “I’m thirsty after all that running”.
2. Help them move their bodies every day
Kindergarten children will be expected to participate in daily physical activities. Have your child play hopscotch and talk about how many hops they can do. Hopscotch is such an easy game to play in the summer (and even indoors in bad weather using just a roll of masking tape). Using colourful chalk you can create the standard line of squares or be creative and make a centipede with 28 circles. One circle can be the head, the other a tail, and the remaining 26 can be the letters of the alphabet. Encouraging your child to try new physical activities may also help them become less apprehensive about trying new things at school.
3. Help them use their large muscles
Children will be developing the use and control of large and small muscle groups during the 20-month Kindergarten program. Large muscle activities like climbing, running, throwing a variety of balls, and balancing are all fun and easy to do with your kids. During my time in Kindergarten, one of my favourite large muscle activities was the beach ball toss. This is also a very enjoyable activity that my children and I do at the park with both large groups of friends or just the four of us. Using one beach ball to start, we hit the ball with any part of our bodies to keep it off the ground. Depending on how many people are playing we add a beach ball to make the game more challenging and add to the fun factor. This type of activity also helps build hand-eye coordination skills and flexibility in movement, all while having a blast with friends.
4. Help them use their small muscles
Small muscle group activities tend to be quieter and need less room to be completed. Building lego, tying shoes, and buttoning buttons are all small muscle group activities and are perfect rainy day or travel activities. When my three kids were little (I had three under 4 years of age), we would bead Cheerio’s onto yarn and hang them in our yard for the squirrels and birds to enjoy. Now, my three are a little older and we have moved onto beading necklaces, bracelets, and knitting to continue building our fine motor skills.
With just a little time devoted to practicing movement skills at home, your child will be able to have more fun with their friends at school and create a foundation for a lifetime of physical activity. What could be more exciting than that?