The World Health Organization (WHO) has released new guidelines on “physical activity, sedentary behaviour and sleep for children under five years of age.” Specifically, it provides recommendations for sedentary screen time, suggesting no more than one hour per day for children ages two to four.
The guidelines were developed by a WHO panel of experts that looked at the effects of poor sleep, screen time, and sedentary behaviour on children. Evidence supporting increased physical activity was also reviewed.
“Improving physical activity, reducing sedentary time and ensuring quality sleep in young children will improve their physical, mental health and wellbeing, and help prevent childhood obesity and associated diseases later in life,” says Dr. Fiona Bull, a program manager at WHO.
Perhaps what’s surprising in this digital age is that these guidelines are the first of their kind from the WHO. What is extremely positive is that the recommendations detail the importance of establishing healthy habits early in life.
As early as infancy, the WHO provides recommendations for physical activity (floor-based play), screen time (none), and sleep (lots!).
To simplify suggestions, consider a child’s pattern of activity in a 24-hour time frame:
- Replace prolonged restrained or sedentary screen time with more active play.
- Ensure children under five get enough quality sleep (see age-appropriate guidelines).
- Spend sedentary time with children engaging in non-screen activities, such as reading, storytelling, singing, and puzzles.
- Keep track with our printable activity log.
- Need some inspiration? Visit Recipe for an active day and Recipe for an active year for more fun ideas.
To read more about the WHO guidelines on physical activity, sedentary behaviour, and sleep for children under five, check out the full document here.
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